What's the Difference Between Endosteal and Subperiosteal Dental Implants?

What's the Difference Between Endosteal and Subperiosteal Dental Implants?

Jun 01, 2024

Missing teeth can greatly affect daily life, from eating to feeling good about how you look. Dental implants near you can help restore oral health, function, and your smile. There are two major kinds of dental implants, one is endosteal and second is subperiosteal. In this guide, we’ll explain the differences between them.

How Do Endosteal and Subperiosteal Implants Differ in Placement?

Endosteal Implants:

  • Endosteal implants are surgically placed directly into the jawbone, acting like the natural roots of teeth. The process involves exposing the jawbone by cutting a hole in the gum tissue, carefully inserting the implant, and then closing the incision.
  • Once placed, the implant integrates with the surrounding bone through osseointegration. This integration provides a stable foundation for prosthetic teeth or teeth attached to the implant.
  • Endosteal implants are typically recommended for patients with enough bone density and volume to support the implant.

Subperiosteal Implants:

  • Subperiosteal implants differ in placement. They sit on top of the jawbone, underneath the gum tissue. Instead of being inserted directly into the bone, these implants rest on a metal framework placed on or above the jawbone.
  • Dentists near you often recommend subperiosteal implants for patients who have gone through bone loss and do not have enough bone height for traditional endosteal implants. This approach allows for the placement of implants without the need for bone grafting procedures.

Which Type of Dental Implant Is More Common: Endosteal or Subperiosteal?

Endosteal Implants:

  • Endosteal implants are the more common type of dental implant used today. They have been extensively studied and have a high success rate.
  • Many patients and dentists prefer these implants due to their stability, durability, and ability to mimic natural teeth closely.

Subperiosteal Implants:

  • Subperiosteal implants are less common compared to endosteal implants. They are typically used in cases where patients do not have enough bone height for traditional implants.
  • While not as prevalent as endosteal implants, subperiosteal implants provide a feasible alternative for patients with specific bone structure issues.

What Are the Pros and Cons of Endosteal Implants Compared to Subperiosteal Implants?

Endosteal Implants:

Pros:

  • High success rate.
  • Stable and durable.
  • Mimic natural teeth closely.

Cons:

  • Invasive surgical procedure.
  • Requires adequate bone density and volume.
  • Longer healing time compared to subperiosteal implants.

Subperiosteal Implants:

Pros:

  • Suitable for patients with bone loss.
  • Less invasive placement procedure.
  • It can avoid the need for bone grafting.

Cons:

  • It may not provide the same level of stability as endosteal implants.
  • Limited availability and usage compared to endosteal implants.

Overall, endosteal implants offer higher stability and success rates but require more invasive procedures and may not be suitable for all patients. Subperiosteal implants provide a less invasive alternative for patients with bone loss issues but may not offer the same level of stability. The choice between the two depends on individual patient factors and preferences.

Can Bone Health Influence the Choice Between Endosteal and Subperiosteal Implants?

  • Bone health plays a significant role in determining the suitability of different types of dental implants.
  • Endosteal implants require adequate bone density and volume for successful placement and osseointegration.
  • Patients with compromised bone health may not be suitable candidates for endosteal implants and may benefit more from subperiosteal implants, which can be placed on top of the jawbone.
  • Bone grafting procedures may be necessary to improve bone health and make patients eligible for endosteal implants.

How Does the Healing Process Differ Between Endosteal and Subperiosteal Implants?

The healing process varies between endosteal and subperiosteal implants due to differences in placement and integration.

  • Endosteal implants undergo osseointegration, where they fuse with the surrounding bone, thus providing stability and support for the prosthetic tooth.
  • Subperiosteal implants rely on tissue integration, which may require a shorter healing period than osseointegration.
  • Recovering from dental implant surgery may differ between the two types of implants. Endosteal implants, for example, require more careful care and a longer recovery time.

Which Factors Should Influence the Decision Between Endosteal and Subperiosteal Implants?

  • Several factors should be considered when choosing between endosteal and subperiosteal implants.
  • Patient-specific factors such as oral health status, bone structure, and lifestyle are significant in decision-making.
  • Consulting with an expert dental professional is mandatory to determine the most suitable implant option based on individual needs and circumstances.

Ready to Choose Your Perfect Dental Implant? Book Your Appointment Now!

Schedule an appointment with us at Talent Dental today and take the next step towards restoring your smile and oral health. Our team is strongly committed to offering personalized care and assisting you to achieve the best possible outcome. Don’t let missing teeth hold you back any longer—discover the benefits of dental implants in Rancho Cucamonga, CA.

Conclusion

Understanding the differences between endosteal and subperiosteal dental implants is essential for letting you make informed decisions about tooth replacement options. By weighing the pros and cons of each type and considering factors such as bone health and healing processes, patients can work with their dentist in Rancho Cucamonga, CA, to choose the most suitable option.

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